Total CO2 Emissions in Nepal: primary contributors and correlation with GDP

Nepal, with a population of 28.6 million and an urban population of 5.8 million, accounting for 20.15% of the total, has a GDP of $30,641,380,604. In 2022, the country produced 14,173,067 tons of CO2, resulting in per capita emissions of 0.47 tons.

This means that, on average, each person generates approximately 0.47 tons of CO2 annually.

To assess the impact of economic activity on CO2 emissions, it is useful to examine the Carbon Intensity of GDP. In Nepal, this measure stands at 0.46 kg of CO2 per International dollar ($USD) of economic output produced.

Comparatively, this figure is lower than that of the USA (0.3 kg) and China (0.57 kg).

Nepal Total CO2 emissions by source

How much do coal, oil, gas, cement and flaring contribute to CO2 emissions in Nepal?

In 2022, Nepal’s total CO2 emissions reached 14,173,067 metric tons. The primary contributors to these emissions were coal, accounting for 3,642,545 metric tons, and oil, with 6,767,824 metric tons.

Cement made a significant contribution of 3,762,698 metric tons, while gas and flaring had no recorded emissions.

These figures highlight the reliance on coal and oil in Nepal’s economy and their significant impact on CO2 emissions.

The correlation between these emissions and Nepal’s GDP underscores the need for sustainable development strategies to mitigate environmental impact.

What fraction of world fossil co2 emissions does Nepal accounts?

Nepal is the 95th largest emitter of CO2 in the world. It represents 0.038% of global CO2 emissions.

CO2 emissions from Coal

In Nepal, carbon usage resulted in the production of 3,642,545 tons of CO2, accounting for 25.70% of the total CO2 emissions.

CO2 emissions from cement in Nepal

In Nepal, cement usage contributed to the production of 3,762,698 tons of CO2, accounting for 0.0045% of the total CO2 emissions.

CO2 emissions from oil in Nepal

In Nepal, oil usage resulted in the production of 6,767,824 tons of CO2, accounting for 47.75% of the total CO2 emissions.


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