The Economic System of Ghana: An Analysis

What is the economic system of Ghana? The economy of Ghana is based on a mixed economy. The country’s economic system combines elements of a market economy and a planned economy.

In Ghana, the economy is composed of a private sector, consisting of individuals and businesses that make autonomous decisions based on self-interest, and a public sector, where the state determines the production and distribution of certain goods and services. No country is purely capitalist or purely communist.

What do the freedom indexes tell about the economic system of Ghana?

To determine if a country is mostly a market economy or a planned economy, it is useful to examine some economic indexes. For instance, according to the 2022 Index of Economic Freedom, which measures the ability of every human to control his own labor and property, Ghana is ranked 89th globally and 9th in Sub-Saharan Africa indicating that the country has a mostly unfree economy.

In a similar way, the 2022 Freedom House index evaluates the state of political rights and civil liberties globally. Generally, market economies tend to align more with democracy and freedom, while command economies tend to be characterized by greater state control and fewer democratic and civil liberty protections. Ghana gets a score of 80/100, which qualifies it as free. Ghana is a country where the government does not control what people do for political reasons, and people have the freedom to choose (what, how much, and how to produce, whether to buy or not, selling price, etc.)

The Link Between Public Sector Employment and the Economic System of Ghana

An indicator of the extent to which the State is involved in the economy is the number of public sector employees. In Ghana, according to ILOSTAT, the number of public sector employees as a percentage of the total workforce is 6.4% (2017). In the country’s mixed economy, the number of public sector employees as a percentage of the entire workforce varies based on the specific policies and practices adopted by the State. Some economic activities are left to the private sector while others are under government control. The bigger the public sector the closer is the economy to being a command economy.

What does the biggest company in Ghana say about the country’s economic system

The biggest company in Ghana should also be looked at, as well as whether it is a state-owned or private company. In this case,

The historical factors that have influenced the economic system of Ghana

The current mixed economy system of Ghana in the last century is a result of the legacy of colonialism, the influence of global markets, and the government’s policies. Colonialism left a legacy of unequal access to resources and a lack of economic development, while global markets have opened up new opportunities for trade and investment. The government has also implemented policies to promote economic growth and reduce poverty. These factors created the current mixed economy system of Ghana.


The Economic System of Ghana_ An Analysis


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *