What is the economic system of Costa Rica? The economy of Costa Rica is based on a mixed economy. The country’s economic system combines elements of a market economy and a planned economy.
In Costa Rica, the economy is composed of a private sector, consisting of individuals and businesses that make autonomous decisions based on self-interest, and a public sector, where the state determines the production and distribution of certain goods and services. No country is purely capitalist or purely communist.
What do the freedom indexes tell about the economic system of Costa Rica?
Now, to determine if a country is mostly a market economy or a planned economy, it is useful to examine some economic indexes. For instance, according to the 2022 Index of Economic Freedom, which measures the ability of every human to control his own labor and property, Costa Rica is ranked 55th globally and 10th in the Americas indicating that the country has a moderately free economy.
In a similar way, the 2022 Freedom House index evaluates the state of political rights and civil liberties globally. Generally, market economies align more with democracy and freedom, while command economies tend to be characterized by greater state control and fewer democratic and civil liberty protections. Costa Rica gets a score of 91/100, which qualifies it as Free. Costa Rica is a country where the government does not control what people do for political reasons, and people have the freedom to choose (what, how much, and how to produce, whether to buy or not, selling price, etc.)
The Link Between Public Sector Employment and the Economic System of Costa Rica
An indicator of the extent to which the State is involved in the economy is the number of public sector employees. In Costa Rica, according to ILOSTAT, the number of public sector employees as a percentage of the total workforce is 13.2% (2021). In the country’s mixed economy, the number of public sector employees as a percentage of the total workforce varies based on the specific policies and practices adopted by the State. Some economic activities are left to the private sector while others are under government control. The bigger the public sector the closer the economy is to be a command economy.
What does the biggest company in Costa Rica say about the country’s economic system?
The biggest company in Costa Rica should also be looked at, as well as whether it is a state-owned or private company. In this case, Corporacion Davivienda Costa Rica is a mixed private-public sector company from Costa Rica. It is a joint venture between the Costa Rican government and the private sector. The company provides financial services to the public.
The historical factors that have influenced the economic system of Costa Rica
The current mixed economy system of Costa Rica in the last century is the result of a combination of multiple factors, including the country’s history of political stability, its commitment to social welfare, and its openness to foreign investment. This has allowed Costa Rica to develop a strong and diversified mixed economy, with a focus on services, manufacturing, and agriculture.